Types of Diabetes

Type 1 diabetes

In type 1 diabetes, the body makes little or no insulin due to overactive immune system. People living with Type 1 diabetes must take insulin every day. It usually occurs in children and young adults but can also appear in older adults.

Type 2 diabetes

In type 2 diabetes, the body prevents the insulin it makes from working right. The body may make some insulin, but not enough. This is the most common type of diabetes which accounts for about 90-95% of the cases. This type usually happens in younger adults and older people. This also commonly occurs among people who are overweight.

Understanding Type 2 Diabetes

To this date, no one knows exactly what causes type 2 diabetes while the health experts are still exploring what’s behind it. However, we have “risk factors” that are said to increase the likelihood of getting type 2 diabetes.

Risk Factors for Type 2 Diabetes

  • Family history
  • Race and ethnicity (Asians, Hispanics, Americans have higher rates)
  • Obesity
  • Age (being over 45 years of age and above)
  • History of gestational diabetes
  • Being physically active

Gestational diabetes

This type of diabetes may develop during pregnancy. The diabetes may subside after giving birth, but the woman is at risk to develop type 2 diabetes, so it’s important to keep an eye on her health